There are several varieties of easily distinguishable, edible mushrooms, with none more famous than the morel– a fungus, rather than a mushroom. While each has a distinct growing season and distinct locale, they all form a family of delectable wild foods that are much sought after, like the French truffle.
The most distinguishable of the edible mushrooms is the puffball – a globe-shaped mushroom that can grow to soccer ball size, and also includes a delightfully woody flavour. The favourite growing site of this mushroom is on dung heaps, in rotting tree and wood chips mulch, and near sunlit pastures. It is best eaten before the interior takes place to turn from solid white to brown to black. Be sure that your pick is truly a puffball, and has no stalk growing inside. It must be firm and light-colored inside. Puffballs begin to develop in late spring & early summer, producing into the first fall.
The next morel cousin would be the shaggy mane, a morel shaped mushroom with upward-turning scales and also a dusty brown color. It grows from spring until summer, to a height of 4 6″, preferring open air and meadows to the mottled lighting of a woodland. Shaggy manes are distinguishable by their tendency to break easily when handled.
Chanterelles are another delicacy with a flavour not unlike morels. Although found in summer and fall, they like similar soil conditions. Imagine a trumpet with its mouth facing skyward, and you’ll have an image of the beige to brown chanterelle mushroom.
One of several most unusually shaped fungi is the hen-of-the-woods, a growth found at the base of decaying trees that looks almost identical to a reddish hen with ruffled tail feathers. This delightful mushroom can be found in late spring and early summer. Catch it early on and young, although, to ensure it has not developed a woody texture.
Obviously, one of the original edible mushrooms is the oyster mushroom which can usually be found even as the snows just begin to melt. Growing on buy psilocybin capsules of dead trees, these beautiful white clusters offer an early taste of the mushroom harvests to follow.
Other fungi and mushrooms can be edible, including shelf mushrooms, often found growing on decaying trees in shaded woodlands. However, a great deal of the standard umbrella-type mushrooms have deadly sisters, while others (such as the shelf mushroom) may be edible, yet have bland taste, or even tough textures.
Without having a doubt, the various varieties of morels, though, are by far the most sought-after, during their mid-spring harvest season. Alongside them you will find a range of fungi, many of which are not harmful, but are not the equal of the morel as a spring wild harvest treat.